1. Toho Taha’s ticketing service
Transporting import and export goods by sea and by air are the two most popular methods in the world today.
Cargo by sea is divided into two types:
- Shipping in full containers: FCL (Full Container Load)
- Transport of goods less than 1 container – odd cargo: LCL (Less than Container Load)
Compared to sea, air freight is usually fast shipping and is used to transport high-value goods.
Air freight is also divided into 2 types:
- Air cargo: normal shipping
- Express: express delivery
In the above categories, Toho Taha specializes in providing customers with freight book service for freight by sea (FCL and LCL) and by air. air cargo.
In particular, Toho Taha has strengths in sea and air freight for Asia and Europe routes.
2. How to calculate sea freight rate
International sea freight will not have a fixed rate, but this rate will change depending on the time, type of goods and each route.
Sea freight costs are divided into 2 parts: sea freight (O/F-Ocean Freight) and local charges (LCC-Local charges).
- O/F there will be no tax, sometimes there will be surcharges included in the O/F such as LSS – fuel surcharge, PCS – Port Congestion Surcharge – port jam surcharge, PSS – Peak Season Surcharge – peak season surcharge,…
O/F changes continuously, usually 1 month, or 15 days for high season. Therefore, it will be difficult to have a specific price list for Customers.
However, if you only transport goods on one route and the freight forwarder – forwarder has a contract with this shipping line, there may be a fixed price list. This usually happens in LCL shipments.
- LCC is subject to tax.
When receiving a quote from the forwarder company, you can negotiate instead of paying LCC tax, you can ask the forwarder to reduce to the lowest possible amount for LCC and transfer the difference to O/F. Thus, the forwarder still has the same profit as the original while your business reduces the tax amount.
The more goods you ship, the more tax you can reduce. Especially for low-value items but going in large quantities, this tax reduction will help you have a competitive advantage in price over other competitors.
Depending on import or export, FCL or LCL goods, foreign markets, shipping time, and Customer’s requirements, there will be different fees and surcharges such as:
- B/L – Bill of lading: sea waybill fee
- THC – Terminal Handling Charge: fee for loading containers from the yard to the ship / fee for unloading the container from the ship to the yard
- Seal: container seal fee
- Telex release: delivery fee (if required)
- AMS fee (for goods exported to the US)
- CFS – Container Freight Station: loading fee/loading fee from container to warehouse
- D/O – Delivery Order: delivery order fee
- CIC: container balance fee
- Handling fee: tracking and handling fee from the time the shipment leaves the exporting country until it is imported.
- Petrol surcharge, peak season surcharge, port jam surcharge,…
3. How to calculate air freight rates
The cost of air freight includes 2 parts: air freight (Air Freight) and local charges (Local Charges).
Air freight rates will be as follows: -45| +45| +100| +300| +500| +1000. That is, the goods within the level will apply the freight rate at that level. For example, if you have a shipment weighing 60kgs, a freight rate of +45 will apply.
You also need to pay attention to 2 concepts: Gross Weight – GW (actual weight of goods and packaging) and Chargeable Weight – CW</strong > (weight of goods converted).
In which, the weight of goods converted to CW will be calculated according to the following 2 formulas:
- CT 1: (Number of Pieces x Length x Width x Height)/6000 (the unit of Length, Width, and Height is cm). Then convert to kgs.
- CT 2: (Number of pieces x Length x Width x Height)*167 (the unit of Length, Width, and Height is m). Then convert to kgs.
Comparison of GW and CW, whichever is larger will be used to calculate the freight.
Here is a specific example for you to easily imagine:
- You need to transport by air a shipment weighing 15kgs (Gross Weight) but need to pack it into a box with dimensions of 60x50x50 (cm).
=> Convert volume to weight: (60x50x50)/6000 = 25 kgs or (0.6 x 0.5 x 0.5)*167= 25 kgs > 15kgs.
=> So the weight to calculate the shipping fee is Chargeable Weight = 25kgs.
- Same heavy shipment as above, but if you pack it with a smaller box measuring 50x40x30 (cm), then:
=> Volume to weight conversion: (50x40x30)/6000 = (0.5 x 0.4 x 0.3)*167= 10kgs < 15kgs
=> So the weight to calculate the shipping fee is Gross Weight = 15 kgs
4. Necessary information when submitting a fee booking request
4.1 For sea freight
When sending a request to book train freight to Toho Taha, you should prepare the following necessary information:
- Incoterms name
- POL: port of departure
- POD: port of destination
- Quantity: if it is FCL, you need to provide the number of containers and type of container, and if it is LCL odd, you need to provide the block number.
eg: FCL goods: 2×20’ LCL goods: 3CBM.
- Commodity: name of goods, description, pictures of goods (if any)
- Special requirements for goods: such as temperature, humidity, ventilation, not overlapping,…
For items that are liquid, chemical related, flammable and explosive, you must provide an additional MSDS – Material Safety Data Sheet also known as Safety instruction sheet. full. Based on MSDS, Toho Taha can determine the level of danger and will provide accurate freight rates for this item because many shipping lines will not accept high-risk goods, so providing detailed information The above is absolutely necessary.
Items that usually require an MSDS are cosmetics, perfumery, chemicals, charcoal, lubricants, etc.
If the LCL retail goods are special-sized machines, you should enclose the dimensions so that Toho Taha can check if this item can fit in the container.
If you request to book freight and send all the above information, Toho Taha will understand that you are a professional and knowledgeable in the field of import, export and logistics, so you can you a pretty good price. And when your request is incomplete, maybe the forwarders will think you are new to the job, so they will give you a high freight rate so that when the cost is incurred, it is still within the price range that they can cover for you. .
4.2 For air freight.
When sending a request to book air freight to Toho Taha, you should prepare the following necessary information:
- Incoterms name
- POL: departure airport
- POD: arrival airport
- GW: weight of goods including packaging
- DIM: package size
Example: DIM: 50x50x60 (cm); 60x50x40 (cm) => That is, the shipment has 2 boxes, the size of each box is as above.
In case there are n boxes of the same size 50x40x50 (cm), it will be recorded as: DIM: nx50x40x50 (cm)
- Commodity: name of goods, description of goods.
- Special requirements for goods: such as temperature, do not stack packages on top of each other,…
Above are some notes of Toho Taha for customers when using sea and air freight booking services.
If you need to check the bill, please contact Toho Taha via hotline or zalo: 0917 00 99 68 (Mr.Thai) or email firstname.lastname@example.org for the fastest advice and quotation.
Hotline: 0917 00 99 68 (Mr.Thai)
Services of Toho Taha
Import and Export Entrustment
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